I haven’t visited East coast so I don’t know.
About 20% collected, black pine, shimpaku, needle juniper only.
Number one important: watering
Number two, cutting
Wiring is number 4, or 5, or lower
Find good teacher important - find Boon!
My teacher teach me, everyday, talk to the tree:
How are you?
You want water?
You want spray?
You want fertilizer?
But tree cannot talk.
You need to learn to understand what the tree say or tree not happy.
Spring best for big cuts on maple.
For small cuts, any time when tree has leaves.
Since new growth when the new leaves come out, before they open (you need to reach in between the new leaves with tweezers)
My style for partial defoliation: in May, where there are two leaves, I remove 1 and cut the other leaf in half. If branch weak I don’t cut.
I read Kinbon (Kindai Bonsai) and Bonsai Sekai (Bonsai World) only.
This is Bonsai Tonight so maybe I say Bonsai Tonight
I use many brands of tools, but maybe 80% is Yoshimitsu.
To help make good trees, find good bonsai friend and study. If no good teacher, making good tree is difficult. Good teacher and good friend important. My bonsai friends are Sasaki Masahiro and Urushibata Taiga.
I use Clay King. Black bag for conifers and Red bag for deciduous. I add 5% charcoal for all trees but not Red pine and white pine. If weak tree, I use a lot of yamazuma (similar to decomposed granite) for weak trees.